I just finished readingThe Drunkard's Walk: How Randomness Rules Our Lives by Leonard Mlodinow. Its overarching lesson is that there is way more to life to attribute to randomness and luck than we normally think. Through nice examples and stories, it provided an easy to follow and basic explanation of many of the important concepts of probability and statistics, like Bayes' Rule. I also enjoyed the author's witty and sometimes self-deprecating prose.
The book reminded me a lot of Taleb's writing in terms of breaking down various fallacies and biases humans have to create narratives that explain situations instead of recognizing the large role of luck. Here is a sampling of some of the main lessons: